Public Course

Financial Statement Analysis

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  • What you'll learn
  • Course Information
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  • What you'll learn
  • Accounting Fundamentals

    The aim of this session is to provide participants (particularly those who have no prior knowledge of finance) with an introduction to financial statement analysis. The income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement are introduced, and the key interactions between the income statement and balance sheet are explained. Participants will build simple financial statements using a list of transactions.

    Learning outcomes

    • The structure of financial statements
    • The income statement
    • Balance sheet
    • Cash flow statement
    • Key links between the financial statements
    • How business transactions are reflected in the financial statements

    Income Statement

    Throughout this module participants analyze a group of companies in the food manufacturing industry in order to calculate several income statement metrics. The matching / accruals concept and its impact on the income statement is covered in detail and the link between the income statement and the retained earnings account is investigated. Profitability is analyzed in various ways, using real companies’ financials to calculate key indicators of operating and financial performance. Participants complete a full profitability comparison for the peer group.

    Learning outcomes

    • Sales recognition
    • Fixed and variable costs
    • Accrual accounting and link between earnings and cash flow
    • Expenses or assets - key concepts explained
    • Adjusting cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expenses for depreciation and amortization
    • Adjusting earnings for non-recurring items to produce normalized earnings estimates
    • EBITDA, EBIT, net income and EPS
    • Margin calculations

    Working Capital

    This module provides participants with an understanding of the importance of working capital in the context of a company's financing structure and cash flows. The difference between working capital and operating working capital is analyzed using several ratios. Participants complete a working capital analysis for the peer group.

    Learning outcomes

    • Inventories, receivables, payables, prepaid items and accruals
    • Definition of working capital and operating working capital
    • Operating working capital and the cash cycle
    • Working capital ratios and day calculations

    Non-Current Assets

    This session illustrates the difference between tangible and intangible assets and their use in a business. Participants learn about purchasing, depreciating / amortizing and selling tangible and intangible assets, and how these transactions are reflected in the financial statements.

    Learning outcomes

    • Difference between tangible and intangible assets
    • Difference between identifiable intangibles and goodwill
    • Finite life vs. indefinite life intangibles
    • Capital expenditure and asset sales
    • Depreciation, amortization and impairments
    • Impairment testing
    • Finding information in the financials
    • Account analysis - inflows and outflows (B-A-S-E)
    • Asset efficiency ratios

    Debt and Equity

    In this session participants learn how companies finance their operations. The characteristics of debt and equity are analyzed, including how to account for new debt and equity issues. Various kinds of debt instruments are identified, and the main equity accounts are examined. Finally some of the most important ratios are covered.

    Learning outcomes

    • Debt disclosure in published financial data
    • Bank debt and bond issues
    • Net debt
    • The difference between authorized, issued, and outstanding shares
    • Common Stock and Additional Paid-in Capital accounts
    • Share issues and repurchases
    • Dividends and interest payments
    • Coverage and leverage ratios

    Cash Flow Statements

    Participants learn how to build cash flow statements using historical and forecast balance sheets. The relationship between cash and changes in assets, liabilities and equity accounts is analyzed in detail, allowing participants to understand the full integration of the income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement. The cash flow session is particularly relevant as a foundation for modeling skills.

    Learning outcomes

    • The components of the cash flow statement
    • Why the cash flow statement is a reconciliation of two balance sheets
    • How to divide a company's balance sheet into operating, investing and financing activities
    • Calculate a cash flow statement from two balance sheets and an income statement
    • Asset sales and impairments / restructuring
    • EBITDA as proxy of operating cash flow and potential pitfalls
  • Course Information
  • 9.00am - 5.00pm GMT/BST/HKT/EST

    2 day (non-exam)

  • Venues
  • London: Tenter House, 45 Moorfields, London EC2Y 9AE

    New York: 275 Madison Ave Suite 1201, New York, NY 10016


    APAC - What is a Virtual Classroom?

    Virtual Classroom training is a highly engaging way of delivering programs remotely with enhanced levels of interactivity compared to conventional webinars. In AMT’s Virtual Classroom participants are encouraged to activate their own webcams and mics throughout the class allowing for real-time engagement, both verbal and non-verbal, with fellow participants and their trainer. Participants can also share their screens to get instant assistance in any technical exercise; just like asking the trainer to walk over and help in the classroom! We have seen a step-change in participant engagement with this new technology. The trainer’s ability to see a selection of their participants’ faces in real-time, and to react to their verbal and non-verbal cues creates a remarkably realistic classroom-like experience. 

  • Reviews
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    Who should attend?

    New hires who have joined the firm late and missed the in-house program

    Individuals looking to fill a knowledge gap

    Experienced bankers looking to refresh their technical skills

    Teams employed in financial strategy roles from non-banking corporations

    Graduates preparing to interview for a role in the finance sector

    Students at business school and looking for a career in finance

    What to use

    You need to use a Windows-based laptop for the training with Excel and Adobe installed on your system to access your course files. Our teaching materials are designed for PCs and not MAC based systems. Download details for the necessary files will be emailed a few days before the course. You can use any version of MS Excel in class. Please inform us of your Excel version when booking your course.

    Ask our trainers

    If you have any questions about the course content, you can email our experienced trainers for any further questions

    Contact a trainer

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